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Turkey Libya Agreement United Nations

Turkish Rear Admiral Cihat Yaycı was one of the first to stress the importance of an EEZ agreement between Libya and Turkey. In his article, he highlighted here Libya`s central role in efforts to limit maritime jurisdictions in the Eastern Mediterranean. In accordance with UN procedures, Member Countries inform the Organization that agreements have been signed. Registration at the United Nations does not mean that the international body has to approve an agreement, in this case the agreement between Turkey and the Libyan Government of National Unity. There is no authorisation mechanism in this context. In October 2020, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres recorded an agreement between Turkey and Libya on the delimitation of maritime jurisdictions in the Mediterranean. The agreement “has been registered with the secretariat in accordance with Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations,” the registration certificate states. [5] [6] Two months earlier (August 2020), Greece and Egypt had signed another maritime agreement delimiting an exclusive economic zone for oil and gas drilling rights to counter the agreement between Turkey and Libya. [7] There is no doubt that the current tensions in the Eastern Mediterranean have been fuelled by the use of exclusive economic zones as a means of enforcing national laws on energy exploration and natural resources. This is what happened a few months after the agreement between Turkey and Libya, when Greece reacted by signing separate maritime border agreements with Egypt and Italy. Turkey is a member of the United Nations and the Libyan GNA is recognized by the international organization.

Therefore, criticisms such as “If there was a relationship with Haftar`s [Khalifa] regime, if Turkey signed an agreement with Haftar, it would be better,” given that the GNA is a transitional government in Libya created as part of the Libyan political agreement, a UNITED Nations-led initiative and signed on December 17, 2015. The Israeli perspective, offered by the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, comments that the agreement does not confer sovereignty on Turkey and Libya over the claimed waters. [16] In addition, it is stated that third countries have been kept in the dark about the agreement between Turkey and Libya, which has raised questions about its legitimacy. [16] In August 2020, Egypt and Greece signed an agreement decreeing an exclusive economic zone between the two countries. . . .